Judicial Services in India

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Judicial Service is the services which directly provide prosecutor services, court services, counsels etc. In India, these posts are directly appointed by the Judicial Services exam. This exam is conducted by state judicial branch under the respective High court of the state. This exam is for the recruitment of subordinates’ judicial services. 

If you have an inclination towards judiciary, this exam is the way for you. Judicial Services have two levels:

First is the lower judicial service this is for those who are fresh graduates from law schools. This entrance exam is conducted by the respective State Public Service Commission or the High Court of Delhi. The syllabus of this exam mainly consists of Law subjects, GK, English and local language of the State.  Qualification required for this exam is that the candidate must have a degree in LLB; no experience is required to give this exam whereas final year students can also appear for this exam. The only condition is that the candidate should have enrolled or qualified to be enrolled as an Advocate under Advocates Act, 1961. There is an age limit for appearing in this exam, the candidate should be from 21 to 35 years old. It has a fixed quota for the elevation up to the High Court.

Second is higher Judicial Services, this is for those who are practising law mainly litigation for a certain period of usually 7 years(UP,MP,Rajasthan etc)  or a teacher teaching law in a law college or university  but may differ from state to state. The syllabus for this exam is similar to the lower judicial services exam.

Judicial services exam is divided into 3 stages as follows:

1) Preliminary Exam

2) Mains 

3) Viva-voce or interview

Preliminary Exam: This is a kind of screening for the candidates before they appear for Mains. This exam consists of objective type questions. Qualifying percentage for general Category is 60% and for Reserved Categories, it’s 55%.

Mains Exam: It is a subjective based exam. It has 6-7 papers. Marks for this exam are considered for the final selection. 70% of the questions asked in this exam are of Law. 

  Viva Voce or Interview: this is the final stage for selection, in this stage candidates, are interviewed based on their knowledge, interest and skill.

Syllabus for this exam is mainly Civil law, Criminal Law and language. 

This exam is conducted by State Judicial Services but now the government is aiming to establish an All India Judicial Services (AIJS). Government is planning for direct recruitment for 25% of the vacancies at the level of the additional district judge.  These exams may be conducted at all zonal levels. This will include 2- year training of the candidates who are selected with language training too.  

However, this may require an amendment in the Constitution — while Article 312 (1) allows Parliament to pass an Act to provide for the creation of an AIJS, a subsequent clause, Article 312 (3), says it should only be for judges above the level of the district judge. AIJS would itself require an amendment to Article 234 of the Constitution that deals with recruitment to subordinate judiciary. CJI also proposed the government to set up an academy for the students where they can study law and then join as subordinate judges. 

Judicial Services is a good option to opt for if you have an interest in litigation and it is a good and secure career option.


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